For travellers from the UK embarking on a trip to Tanzania, there are several vaccinations recommended and advised to ensure a safe and healthy journey. In addition to discussing the required vaccinations, we will also explore the best locations to visit in Tanzania and important information to know before you travel.
Highly Recommended Vaccinations:
1. Hepatitis A: This vaccine is highly recommended as it protects against a viral infection that can be transmitted through contaminated food and water. It is advisable to receive this vaccine at least two weeks before your trip.
2. Tetanus: Tetanus, commonly known as lockjaw, can be contracted through cuts or wounds. Ensuring your tetanus vaccination is up to date before your trip is prudent.
3. Typhoid: Typhoid is a bacterial infection transmitted through contaminated food and water. This vaccine is particularly advisable if you are planning to explore rural areas or stay in less developed accommodations.
1. Cholera: Cholera is a bacterial infection usually contracted through contaminated food and water. While it is not a requirement for entry into Tanzania, the cholera vaccine may be recommended for specific groups of travellers, such as aid workers or those staying in areas with poor sanitation.
2. Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B is a viral infection transmitted through blood and body fluids. It is recommended for long-term travellers or those likely to come into contact with blood or body fluids, such as healthcare workers or those planning on getting tattoos or piercings in Tanzania.
3. Meningococcal disease: Meningococcal disease is a bacterial infection that can cause meningitis and is transmitted through respiratory droplets. Although the risk is generally low, it may be advised for travellers planning to spend a significant amount of time in crowded areas.
4. Rabies: Rabies is a viral infection usually transmitted through animal bites or scratches. If you plan to engage in activities such as wildlife viewing or exploring remote areas, it may be advisable to receive the rabies vaccine.
5. Tuberculosis: Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs. Though the risk of contracting TB during a short trip is low, it is advisable to ensure you are up to date on your TB vaccination, especially if you plan on being in close contact with locals for an extended period.
6. Yellow Fever: Yellow Fever is a viral infection transmitted through mosquito bites and is a requirement for entry into Tanzania. Ensure that you receive the yellow fever vaccine at least ten days before your trip and carry the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP) as proof.
Now that we’ve covered the vaccinations, let’s explore the best locations to visit in Tanzania:
1. Serengeti National Park: Known for its spectacular wildlife, including the Great Migration, the Serengeti is a must-visit destination. Witness the incredible sight of thousands of wildebeest and zebras as they migrate across the plains in search of fresh grazing land.
2. Mount Kilimanjaro: For adventurers seeking a challenge, a trek up Mount Kilimanjaro is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Standing at 5,895 meters, it is the highest peak in Africa and offers breathtaking views.
3. Zanzibar: With its stunning sandy beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant marine life, Zanzibar is a paradise for beach lovers. Explore the historic Stone Town, snorkel in the coral reefs, or simply relax and soak up the sun.
4. Ngorongoro Conservation Area: Home to the Ngorongoro Crater, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, this area is renowned for its abundant wildlife and breathtaking scenery. Take a safari drive through the crater and spot a wide variety of animals, including lions, elephants, rhinos, and more.
5. Tarangire National Park: Known for its large herds of elephants and baobab trees, Tarangire National Park offers a unique and less crowded safari experience. Explore its diverse landscapes, witness the wildlife, and enjoy the tranquility of the park.
Before you travel, here are some important tips to keep in mind:
1. Visa: Ensure you have a valid visa for entry into Tanzania. You can apply for a visa online or upon arrival at the airport.
2. Currency: The official currency in Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling (TZS). It is advisable to carry some cash, as credit cards may not be widely accepted in remote areas.
3. Safety: Tanzania is generally a safe country for tourists. However, it is always advisable to take precautions, such as avoiding displaying valuable belongings and keeping an eye on your personal belongings.
4. Weather: Tanzania experiences varied climates, so pack accordingly. It is advisable to carry lightweight and breathable clothing, as well as a hat, sunscreen, and insect repellent.
5. Cultural Respect: Tanzanian culture is diverse and rich. Respecting local customs and traditions is essential while visiting the country. Dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites or rural areas, and ask permission before taking photographs of people.
6. Health and Hygiene: Drink bottled or filtered water, and ensure you follow proper hygiene practices to avoid stomach illnesses. It is also advisable to bring a basic medical kit with essentials such as over-the-counter medications, sunscreen, and insect repellent.
By following these recommendations and taking necessary precautions, you can ensure a safe and memorable trip to Tanzania. Whether you’re exploring the wildlife in the Serengeti, conquering Mount Kilimanjaro, or relaxing on the beaches of Zanzibar, Tanzania offers an unforgettable experience for UK travellers.
Information provided in this article is correct as of 15th September 2023